scale bar = 1cm.
Speedwells (Veronicas) - introduced and native (Veronica species)
Family: Scrophulariaceae (Speedwell and Veronica family).
Veronica flowers usually have 4 pale blue to blue petals.
Ivy-leaf Speedwell - a weed (*Veronica hederifolia)
Native of Europe.
Occurrence: Scattered. Weedy places and gardens.
- it is a sprawling, branched annual
- the flowers are pale blue to lilac and usually smaller than the sepals
- there are scattered hairs on the stems and leaves
- the leaves are as broad as long and have 1 to 3 pairs of coarse teeth.
- the flowers are on short (5-15mm) stalks.
Ivy-leaf Speedwell. Castlemaine. The coarse teeth, the hairs,
and the medium length flower stalks are identifying features.
Wall Speedwell - introduced (*Veronica arvensis)
Native of Europe and Asia.
Occurrence: Widespread. Weedy places, gardens etc.
- it is an erect annual
- flowers are small, pale blue to lilac and almost hidden by the sepals
- the flowers are on short (less than 5 mm) stalks
- the upper leaves (from which the flowers grow) are much smaller than the lower, paired leaves
- the leaves are as broad as long and have rounded teeth.
Wall Speedwell. The small floral leaves (bracts) and the short flower
stalks help to identify this plant. Mostyn St, Castlemaine.
Creeping Speedwell - introduced (*Veronica persica)
Native of SW Asia.
Occurrence: Scattered. Weedy places, gardens etc.
- it is a sprawling annual
- flowers are pale blue and about as large as the sepals
- the leaves are almost as broad as long and have 1 to 3 rounded teeth
- the flower stalks and the stalks of the fruit are long and often drooping.
Creeping Speedwell. It has long
stalks on the fruit and the rounded teeth on the leaves. Castlemaine.
Trailing Speedwell - a native (Veronica plebeia)
Native of Eastern Australia.
Occurrence: Widespread in local forests. It may be locally abundant.
- it has creeping stems
- the flowers are in short sprays, not single as in most of the introduced speedwells
- the flowers are wider than the sepals
- the leaves have several triangular teeth.
Trailing Speedwell. Kalimna, Castlemaine.
Hairy Speedwell - a native (Veronica calycina)
Native of all States.
Occurrence: Damper forests. Uncommon in the dryer forests.
- it has creeping stems, which may form roots
- the stems have long hairs (over 1 mm long) in bands along the
stem; There are scattered hairs elsewhere on the plant
- the flowers are in short sprays
- the broad leaves have numerous irregular teeth.
Pressed and dried Hairy Speedwell. Wombat Forest.
Slender Speedwell- a native (Veronica gracilis)
Native of SE Australia.
Occurrence: Rare in Box Ironbark forests. More common in wetter forests.
- it is a slender, upright plant
- the leaves are narrow and come to a fine point
- the flowers are lilac to blue.
Slender Speedwell. Elphinstone.
Digger's Speedwell - a native (Veronica perfoliata)
Other Names: Derwentia perfoliata, Parahebe perfoliata.
Native of NSW and Victoria.
Occurrence: Widespread in box-ironbark forests.
- it grows to about half a metre high
- it has spikes of blue flowers clustered at the top of the plant
- the leaves often join together, so that the stalk passes through the centre of the leaf
- it is often to be found in hard dry rocky places.
- the leaves are grey-green.
Digger's Speedwell makes an excellent garden plant.
Digger's Speedwell. Kaweka Wildflower Reserve.